GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 19 Aug 2018, 08:20

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Retired Moderator
avatar
Status: Flying over the cloud!
Joined: 17 Aug 2011
Posts: 750
Location: Viet Nam
Concentration: International Business, Marketing
GMAT Date: 06-06-2014
GPA: 3.07
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 05 Aug 2017, 08:22
9
8
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

62% (01:39) correct 38% (01:36) wrong based on 706 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent Office dropped from 56000 in 1971 to 45000 in 1978. Spending on research and development, which peaked at 3 percent of the gross national product (GNP) in 1964, was only 2.2 percent of the GNP in 1978. During this period, when United States percentage was steadily decreasing, West Germany and Japan increased the percentage of their GNP’s spent on research and development to 3.2 percent and 1.6 percent, respectively.

Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the information above?

(A) There is direct relationship between the size of a nation’s GNP and the number of inventions it produces.
(B) Japan and Germany spent more money on research and development in 1978 than did the United States
(C) The amount of money a nation spends on research and development is directly related to the number of inventions patented in that nation.
(D) Between 1964 and 1978 the United States consistently spent a larger percentage of its GNP on research and development than did Japan.
(E) Both West Germany and Japan will soon surpass the United States in the number of patents granted to inventors.

_________________

Rules for posting in verbal gmat forum, read it before posting anything in verbal forum
Giving me + 1 kudos if my post is valuable with you :)

The more you like my post, the more you share to other's need

CR: Focus of the Week: Must be True Question


Originally posted by tuanquang269 on 07 Dec 2011, 01:27.
Last edited by hazelnut on 05 Aug 2017, 08:22, edited 2 times in total.
Added OA
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 08 Jun 2011
Posts: 54
Schools: NUS
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Dec 2011, 08:36
1
[quote="tuanquang269"]The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent Office dropped from 56000 in 1971 to 45000 in 1978. Spending on research and development, which peaked at 3 percent of the gross national product (GNP) in 1964, was only 2.2 percent of the GNP in 1978. During this period, when United States percentage was steadily decreasing, West Germany and Japan increased the percentage of their GNP’s spent on research and development to 3.2 percent and 1.6 percent, respectively.

Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the information above?

(a) There is direct relationship between the size of a nation’s GNP and the number of inventions it produces. can not be said
(b) Japan and Germany spent more money on research and development in 1978 than did the United States can not be said as the figures given are in percentage
(c) The amount of money a nation spends on research and development is directly related to the number of inventions patented in that nation. incorrect as explained above
(d) Between 1964 and 1978 the United States consistently spent a larger percentage of its GNP on research and development than did Japan. Correct as from 1964 to 1978 Germany spent 2.2 % ,the lowest in 1978 whereas Japan's is 1.6%, its highest in the same period
(e) Both West Germany and Japan will soon surpass the United States in the number of patents granted to inventors. Incorrect

+1 for D
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 13 Aug 2010
Posts: 188
Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Dec 2011, 03:08
no. of patents dropped in 1978, but at the same time spending spending on RnD(which was 3% of GDP in 1964) was now = 2.2 % of the GDP in 1978.
+ when US was dec, Japan and Germany were increasing its expenditure in RnD.

from the above info. the only conclusion i can get is
US GDP was lager in 1978 but had less investors at the same time exp. other nation had their expenditure increased in RnD.

(a) There is direct relationship between the size of a nation’s GNP and the number of inventions it produces.
-- no relation between GNP and investors can be established. Some thing happening in parallel

(b) Japan and Germany spent more money on research and development in 1978 than did the United States
-- cannot be said, we dont know the actual GDP of the countries

(c) The amount of money a nation spends on research and development is directly related to the number of inventions patented in that nation.
-- i go for C

(d) Between 1964 and 1978 the United States consistently spent a larger percentage of its GNP on research and development than did Japan.
-- i can see the % dec from 3 to 2.2, so no

(e) Both West Germany and Japan will soon surpass the United States in the number of patents granted to
inventors.
-- cant be said, no info. abt the investors in Japan and Germany


what is the OA, very confused.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 09 Jan 2011
Posts: 18
Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Dec 2011, 00:43
I would go with D

during 1978, Japan has increased the GNP to 1.6, which means prior to that they have less GNP contributed to research and development.....at the same time US has decreased the GNP to 2.2, which means prior to that they were spending more GNP....so it is safe to conclude that US was consistently spending larger % of GNP between 1964 and 1978 than Japan did, towards research and development
_________________

SKK

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 11 Dec 2011
Posts: 51
Location: Malaysia
Concentration: Nonprofit, Sustainability
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V40
GPA: 3.16
WE: Consulting (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Dec 2011, 02:06
sriniz wrote:
I would go with D

during 1978, Japan has increased the GNP to 1.6, which means prior to that they have less GNP contributed to research and development.....at the same time US has decreased the GNP to 2.2, which means prior to that they were spending more GNP....so it is safe to conclude that US was consistently spending larger % of GNP between 1964 and 1978 than Japan did, towards research and development


Based on this reasoning I went with D, also all the others seemed irrelevant
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 07 Aug 2011
Posts: 110
Location: United States
Concentration: Technology, International Business
GMAT 1: 690 Q48 V37
Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Dec 2011, 07:08
Got to be D
A ) not mentioned in the question
B ) amount is not specified only %age is given
C ) not mentioned in question
D ) true
E ) not mentioned

So it has to be D
Director
Director
User avatar
B
Joined: 03 Feb 2013
Posts: 903
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
GMAT 1: 760 Q49 V44
GPA: 3.88
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Reviews Badge
Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Dec 2013, 01:05
Please update the OA as D)

This question appeared on mba.com "My GMAT practice question" and as per the mba.com, the official answer is d)
_________________

Thanks,
Kinjal
My Debrief : http://gmatclub.com/forum/hardwork-never-gets-unrewarded-for-ever-189267.html#p1449379
My Application Experience : http://gmatclub.com/forum/hardwork-never-gets-unrewarded-for-ever-189267-40.html#p1516961
Linkedin : https://www.linkedin.com/in/kinjal-das/

Please click on Kudos, if you think the post is helpful

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Oct 2013
Posts: 158
Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Jan 2014, 06:13
Straight away D. The stimulus says Japan increased its %GNP spent on R&D to 1.6%. So Japan spent lesser % of its GNP in 1964 than in 1978. While US spent 3% & 2.2% of its GNP in 1964 & 1978 respectively. Still higher than 1.6%. Therefore D is the answer.
_________________

Click on Kudos if you liked the post!

Practice makes Perfect.

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 04 May 2013
Posts: 326
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Human Resources
Schools: XLRI GM"18
GPA: 4
WE: Human Resources (Human Resources)
Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Jan 2014, 03:18
US- Number of patents- dropped from 56000 in 1971 to 45000 in 1978.
- Spending on research and development, 3 percent of the gross national product (GNP) in 1964..... 2.2 percent of the GNP in 1978.

West Germany - Spending on research and development - 3.2 percent IN 1978....RISING SINCE 1964
Japan- Spending on research and development - 1.6 percent IN 1978.....RISING SINCE 1964

(a) There is direct relationship between the size of a nation’s GNP and the number of inventions it produces...NO TALK OF INVENTIONS...ONLY SPENDING ON SAME.
(b) Japan and Germany spent more money on research and development in 1978 than did the United States....ONLY %s GIVEN ...NO TALK ON ABSOLUTE NUMBERS
(c) The amount of money a nation spends on research and development is directly related to the number of inventions patented in that nation....THAT CAN'T BE REALLY INFERRED
(d) Between 1964 and 1978 the United States consistently spent a larger percentage of its GNP on research and development than did Japan....THATS TRUE.... SEE STIMULUS ABOVE.....
(e) Both West Germany and Japan will soon surpass the United States in the number of patents granted to inventors. ..ONLY %s GIVEN ...NO TALK ON ABSOLUTE NUMBERS
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
P
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 8195
Location: Pune, India
Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Apr 2016, 22:18
tuanquang269 wrote:
The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent Office dropped from 56000 in 1971 to 45000 in 1978. Spending on research and development, which peaked at 3 percent of the gross national product (GNP) in 1964, was only 2.2 percent of the GNP in 1978. During this period, when United States percentage was steadily decreasing, West Germany and Japan increased the percentage of their GNP’s spent on research and development to 3.2 percent and 1.6 percent, respectively.

Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the information above?

(a) There is direct relationship between the size of a nation’s GNP and the number of inventions it produces.
(b) Japan and Germany spent more money on research and development in 1978 than did the United States
(c) The amount of money a nation spends on research and development is directly related to the number of inventions patented in that nation.
(d) Between 1964 and 1978 the United States consistently spent a larger percentage of its GNP on research and development than did Japan.
(e) Both West Germany and Japan will soon surpass the United States in the number of patents granted to inventors.


OA later some discussion


Premises:

- Patents in US dropped from 56000 in 1971 to 45000 in 1978.
- Spending on R&D, dropped from 3 percent of GNP in 1964, to 2.2 percent of the GNP in 1978.
- From 1964 to 1978, West Germany and Japan increased R&D spending to 3.2 percent and 1.6 percent, respectively. (So in 1964, their spending was less than 3.2% and 1.6% respectively and they increased it to these numbers by 1978)

(a) There is direct relationship between the size of a nation’s GNP and the number of inventions it produces.
No link given between the site of GNP and number of inventions in the argument. We might think that often, this will be the case but we are asked for the conclusion supported by the argument given. Hence this will not be our answer.

(b) Japan and Germany spent more money on research and development in 1978 than did the United States
We don't know the relative GNP of the three countries and hence we cannot say who actually spent more/less money.

(c) The amount of money a nation spends on research and development is directly related to the number of inventions patented in that nation.
Again, the link is not given in the argument. All we are given is that in US, in a certain time frame, number of patents reduced and % of GNP spent on R&D reduced. There is no connection between number roof patents and money spent. Also, even if money spent had also reduced in US in that time frame, it doesn't imply that that will always be the case. A nation could spend a ton of money on R&D but be unable to come up with any inventions.

(d) Between 1964 and 1978 the United States consistently spent a larger percentage of its GNP on research and development than did Japan.
From 1964 to 1978, Japan increased its % of GNP spending on R & D from a smaller value (say 1%) to 1.6%.
From 1964 to 1978, US decreased its % of GNP spending on R & D from 3% to 2.2%.
In this entire time frame, US is spending more (as a % of GNP) than Japan. Hence, this is correct.

(e) Both West Germany and Japan will soon surpass the United States in the number of patents granted to inventors.
We have no numbers on the number of patents of both countries hence we cannot conclude this.

Answer (D)
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Save up to $1,000 on GMAT prep through 8/20! Learn more here >

GMAT self-study has never been more personalized or more fun. Try ORION Free!

Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2110
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Nov 2017, 22:30
The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent Office dropped from 56000 in 1971 to 45000 in 1978. Spending on research and development, which peaked at 3 percent of the gross national product (GNP) in 1964, was only 2.2 percent of the GNP in 1978. During this period, when United States percentage was steadily decreasing, West Germany and Japan increased the percentage of their GNP’s spent on research and development to 3.2 percent and 1.6 percent, respectively.

Type - inference

(A) There is direct relationship between the size of a nation’s GNP and the number of inventions it produces. - Incorrect
(B) Japan and Germany spent more money on research and development in 1978 than did the United States - Incorrect - Percentage vs numbers
(C) The amount of money a nation spends on research and development is directly related to the number of inventions patented in that nation. - Incorrect
(D) Between 1964 and 1978 the United States consistently spent a larger percentage of its GNP on research and development than did Japan. - Correct - During this period, when United States percentage was steadily decreasing, West Germany and Japan increased the percentage of their GNP’s spent on research and development to 3.2 percent and 1.6 percent, respectively.
(E) Both West Germany and Japan will soon surpass the United States in the number of patents granted to inventors. - Incorrect

Answer D
_________________

When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
+1 Kudos if you find this post helpful

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 20 Feb 2015
Posts: 49
CAT Tests
Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 May 2018, 08:00
At first I was confused with the word "consistently" thinking it might be a trick but after seeing "steadily" in stem I confidently went for D :)
_________________

You miss 100% of the shots you don't take..

KUDOS Please..!!

Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Status: EAT SLEEP GMAT REPEAT!
Joined: 28 Sep 2016
Posts: 176
Location: India
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 May 2018, 08:28
+1 for D

From 1964 to 1978, Japan increased its % of GNP spending on R & D from a smaller value to 1.6%.
From 1964 to 1978, US decreased its % of GNP spending on R & D from 3% to 2.2%.
In this entire time frame, US is spending more (as a % of GNP) than Japan.

tuanquang269 wrote:
The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent Office dropped from 56000 in 1971 to 45000 in 1978. Spending on research and development, which peaked at 3 percent of the gross national product (GNP) in 1964, was only 2.2 percent of the GNP in 1978. During this period, when United States percentage was steadily decreasing, West Germany and Japan increased the percentage of their GNP’s spent on research and development to 3.2 percent and 1.6 percent, respectively.

Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the information above?

(A) There is direct relationship between the size of a nation’s GNP and the number of inventions it produces.
(B) Japan and Germany spent more money on research and development in 1978 than did the United States
(C) The amount of money a nation spends on research and development is directly related to the number of inventions patented in that nation.
(D) Between 1964 and 1978 the United States consistently spent a larger percentage of its GNP on research and development than did Japan.
(E) Both West Germany and Japan will soon surpass the United States in the number of patents granted to inventors.

_________________

Regards,
Adi

Re: The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent &nbs [#permalink] 20 May 2018, 08:28
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.