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# CR-tough#3

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VP
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
Posts: 1374

Kudos [?]: 406 [0], given: 0

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21 Aug 2008, 18:27
The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent Office dropped from 56,000 in 1971
to 45,000 in 1978. Spending on research and development, which peaked at 3 percent of the gross national
product (GNP) in 1964, was only 2.2 percent of the GNP in 1978. During this period, when the United States
percentage was steadily decreasing, West Germany and Japan increased the percentage of their GNP’s spent
on research and development to 3.2 percent and 1.6 percent, respectively.
Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the information above?
(A) There is direct relationship between the size of a nation’s GNP and the number of inventions it produces.
(B) Japan and West Germany spent more money on research and development is directly related to the number
of inventions patented in that nation.
(C) The amount of money a nation spends on research and development is directly relocated to the number of
inventions patented in that nation.
(D) Between 1964 and 1978 the United States consistently spent a larger percentage of its GNP on research
and development than did Japan.
(E) Both West Germany and Japan will soon surpass the United States in the number of patents granted to
investors.
_________________

cheers
Its Now Or Never

Kudos [?]: 406 [0], given: 0

Director
Joined: 10 Sep 2007
Posts: 934

Kudos [?]: 338 [1], given: 0

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21 Aug 2008, 19:08
1
KUDOS
Premise1: Patent issued dropped from 56,000 in 1971 to 45,000 in 1978.
Premise2: R&D peaked at 3 percent of the GNP in 1964,
Premise3: R&D was only 2.2 percent of the GNP in 1978.
Premise4: During this period, the US R&D percentage was steadily decreasing.
Premise5: West Germany increased R&D to 3.2 percent of GNP.
Premise6: Japan increased R&D to 1.6 percent of GNP.

(A) There is direct relationship between the size of a nation’s GNP and the number of inventions it produces.
No proof suggested in passage. Too little information to infer such a big thing.

(B) Japan and West Germany spent more money on research and development is directly related to the number of inventions patented in that nation.
Japan and West Germany's patents case not discussed.

(C) The amount of money a nation spends on research and development is directly relocated to the number of inventions patented in that nation.
Not discussed in passage.

(D) Between 1964 and 1978 the United States consistently spent a larger percentage of its GNP on research and development than did Japan.
Perfectly supported. At 1978 US spent 3.2%, while Japan spent 1.6%. Japan had less than 1.6% but US was spending more than 3.2%.

(E) Both West Germany and Japan will soon surpass the United States in the number of patents granted to investors.
May be but not supported in passage.

Kudos [?]: 338 [1], given: 0

VP
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
Posts: 1374

Kudos [?]: 406 [0], given: 0

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21 Aug 2008, 19:48
abhijit_sen wrote:
Premise1: Patent issued dropped from 56,000 in 1971 to 45,000 in 1978.
Premise2: R&D peaked at 3 percent of the GNP in 1964,
Premise3: R&D was only 2.2 percent of the GNP in 1978.
Premise4: During this period, the US R&D percentage was steadily decreasing.
Premise5: West Germany increased R&D to 3.2 percent of GNP.
Premise6: Japan increased R&D to 1.6 percent of GNP.

(A) There is direct relationship between the size of a nation’s GNP and the number of inventions it produces.
No proof suggested in passage. Too little information to infer such a big thing.

(B) Japan and West Germany spent more money on research and
development is directly related to the number of inventions patented in that nation.
Japan and West Germany's patents case not discussed.

(C) The amount of money a nation spends on research and development is directly relocated to the number of inventions patented in that nation.
Not discussed in passage.

(D) Between 1964 and 1978 the United States consistently spent a larger percentage of its GNP on research and development than did Japan.
Perfectly supported. At 1978 US spent 3.2%, while Japan spent 1.6%. Japan had less than 1.6% but US was spending more than 3.2%.

(E) Both West Germany and Japan will soon surpass the United States in the number of patents granted to investors.
May be but not supported in passage.

OA is D
great explanation !! +1 for u
whats your source of CR
I marked E ==> future predictions weigh less in CR since possibility of their occurance is low

D talks about past and something confirmed in the argument
_________________

cheers
Its Now Or Never

Kudos [?]: 406 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Apr 2008
Posts: 429

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27 Aug 2008, 05:08
spriya wrote:
The number of patents granted to inventors by the United States Patent Office dropped from 56,000 in 1971
to 45,000 in 1978. Spending on research and development, which peaked at 3 percent of the gross national
product (GNP) in 1964, was only 2.2 percent of the GNP in 1978. During this period, when the United States
percentage was steadily decreasing, West Germany and Japan increased the percentage of their GNP’s spent
on research and development to 3.2 percent and 1.6 percent, respectively.
Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the information above?
(A) There is direct relationship between the size of a nation’s GNP and the number of inventions it produces.
(B) Japan and West Germany spent more money on research and development is directly related to the number
of inventions patented in that nation.
(C) The amount of money a nation spends on research and development is directly relocated to the number of
inventions patented in that nation.
(D) Between 1964 and 1978 the United States consistently spent a larger percentage of its GNP on research
and development than did Japan.
(E) Both West Germany and Japan will soon surpass the United States in the number of patents granted to
investors.

IMO D)

Rest all options cannot be inferred.

Kudos [?]: 165 [0], given: 1

Re: CR-tough#3   [#permalink] 27 Aug 2008, 05:08
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# CR-tough#3

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