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Gusty westerly winds will continue to usher in a seasonably cool air m

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Gusty westerly winds will continue to usher in a seasonably cool air m [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2017, 16:24
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snjainpune wrote:
Hello egmat,

Could you please explain this OG 18 Question using the egmat 3 step process?

Thanks



Hello snjainpune,

Sorry for replying late. But better late than never. :grin:


Gusty westerly winds will continue to usher in a seasonably cool air mass into the region, as a broad area of high pressure will build and bring fair and dry weather for several days.


Meaning Analysis: The meaning is pretty clear. Gusty westerly winds will bring in cool air mass into the region. And a big area of high pressure will build and bring dry weather for many days.


Error Analysis: Let's identify the errors now.

i. The sentence uses incorrect idiom usher in. As a verb, only usher is used.
ii. Use of as is incorrect because in the context of the sentence. As can mean because as well as while.
iii. The sentence intends to convey that while A happens, B will happen. Hence, use of the verb will build is not correct as these verbs do not convey the sequence of the events clearly.


Answer Choice Analysis:


A. to usher in a seasonably cool air mass into the region, as a broad area of high pressure will build and: Incorrect for the reason stated in the Error Analysis section.


B. ushering in a seasonably cool air mass into the region and a broad area of high pressure will build that: Incorrect

i. The expression continue ushering is incorrect. The word continue is generally followed by to verb phrase.
ii. Two independent clauses have been connected only by and.
iii. The express will bring that build makes no sense at all.


C. to usher in a seasonably cool air mass to the region, a broad area of high pressure building, and: Incorrect

i. Same expression error as in Choice A.
ii. The structure a broad area of high pressure building seems to act as a noun modifier that illogically modifies the preceding noun the region.
iii. This choice says that the gusty westerly winds will bring in dry weather, the information not in sync with the meaning conveyed by the original sentence.


D. ushering a seasonably cool air mass in the region, with a broad area of high pressure building and: Incorrect

i. Same expression error as in Choice B.
ii. The words building and bring are not parallel.


E. to usher a seasonably cool air mass into the region while a broad area of high pressure builds, which will: Correct

I do understand that the noun modifier which is preceded by a verb. However, I will regard this usage as just one-off usage and will continue to use which as a relative pronoun modifier modifying the immediate preceding noun.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Gusty westerly winds will continue to usher in a seasonably cool air m [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2017, 06:55
Gusty westerly winds will continue to usher in a seasonably cool air mass into the region, as a broad area of high pressure will build and bring fair and dry weather for several days.

A. to usher in a seasonably cool air mass into the region, as a broad area of high pressure will build and
B. ushering in a seasonably cool air mass into the region and a broad area of high pressure will build that
C. to usher in a seasonably cool air mass to the region, a broad area of high pressure building, and
D. ushering a seasonably cool air mass in the region, with a broad area of high pressure building and
E. to usher a seasonably cool air mass into the region while a broad area of high pressure builds, which will

I would like to present my theory for rejection option A.

I focussed solely on the second part of the sentence
" as a broad area of high pressure will build and bring fair and dry weather for several days."
which equals
As broad area will build & bring X - "but is the Broad area of high pressure is doing both the action of building & bringing "
Isn't it suppose to mean - high pressure area is responsible for the dry weather

Intended meaning - Broad area of high pressure is created and due to this we have fair & dry weather.

Am I right here in my reasoning? @ experts
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Re: Gusty westerly winds will continue to usher in a seasonably cool air m [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2017, 03:12
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A real tough question. But when you go by meaning only E makes. Of course i came to that conclusion after choosing the incorrect answer!
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Re: Gusty westerly winds will continue to usher in a seasonably cool air m [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2018, 02:06
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verb,which : are generally considered wrong, is this the exception to the question. Never eliminated on the basis of being verb and action verb before.
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Re: Gusty westerly winds will continue to usher in a seasonably cool air m [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2018, 09:45
egmat wrote:
snjainpune wrote:
Hello egmat,

Could you please explain this OG 18 Question using the egmat 3 step process?

Thanks



Hello snjainpune,

Sorry for replying late. But better late than never. :grin:


Gusty westerly winds will continue to usher in a seasonably cool air mass into the region, as a broad area of high pressure will build and bring fair and dry weather for several days.


Meaning Analysis: The meaning is pretty clear. Gusty westerly winds will bring in cool air mass into the region. And a big area of high pressure will build and bring dry weather for many days.


Error Analysis: Let's identify the errors now.

i. The sentence uses incorrect idiom usher in. As a verb, only usher is used.
ii. Use of as is incorrect because in the context of the sentence. As can mean because as well as while.
iii. The sentence intends to convey that while A happens, B will happen. Hence, use of the verb will build is not correct as these verbs do not convey the sequence of the events clearly.


Answer Choice Analysis:


A. to usher in a seasonably cool air mass into the region, as a broad area of high pressure will build and: Incorrect for the reason stated in the Error Analysis section.


B. ushering in a seasonably cool air mass into the region and a broad area of high pressure will build that: Incorrect

i. The expression continue ushering is incorrect. The word continue is generally followed by to verb phrase.
ii. Two independent clauses have been connected only by and.
iii. The express will bring that build makes no sense at all.


C. to usher in a seasonably cool air mass to the region, a broad area of high pressure building, and: Incorrect

i. Same expression error as in Choice A.
ii. The structure a broad area of high pressure building seems to act as a noun modifier that illogically modifies the preceding noun the region.
iii. This choice says that the gusty westerly winds will bring in dry weather, the information not in sync with the meaning conveyed by the original sentence.


D. ushering a seasonably cool air mass in the region, with a broad area of high pressure building and: Incorrect

i. Same expression error as in Choice B.
ii. The words building and bring are not parallel.


E. to usher a seasonably cool air mass into the region while a broad area of high pressure builds, which will: Correct

I do understand that the noun modifier which is preceded by a verb. However, I will regard this usage as just one-off usage and will continue to use which as a relative pronoun modifier modifying the immediate preceding noun.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha



Thank you the detailed explanation Shraddha.

Regards,
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Re: Gusty westerly winds will continue to usher in a seasonably cool air m [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2018, 22:52
mikemcgarry wrote:
leanhdung wrote:
hi mikemcgarry

Can you explain which phrase relative pronoun which in E modifies ?
I feel that the use of which in E is very strange.

Many thanks!

Dear leanhdung,

How are you, my friend? I'm happy to respond. :-)

Here's (E), the OA:
Gusty westerly winds will continue to usher a seasonably cool air mass into the region while a broad area of high pressure builds, which will bring fair and dry weather for several days.

As I'm sure you understand, a noun-modifying clause beginning with "which" normally should obey the Modifier Touch Rule. Of course, there are a few exceptions to the Touch Rule. One is that a single, grammatically necessary word can come between the target noun and the "which" clause.

Here, the target noun modified by "which" is "a broad area of high pressure." All that comes between this target noun and the "which" is the verb "builds." Now, this structure may raise your suspicions: normally the structure [noun][verb]"which" is highly problematic because that "which" clause is trying to modify the action of the verb, a highly naughty thing for it to be attempting! Normally, that's a problem, because most verbs are "action verbs," so the word "which" would be touching an action! The situation is totally different with what I would call "being verbs," rather than "action verbs," especially a "being verb" that is about the noun coming into greater existence, because then the verb functions logically almost as an intensifier for the noun. That's exactly what is happening here. The verb "builds," used here, is a "being verb"--it's simply about the noun coming into greater existence, so it "points to" and intensifies the noun. Therefore, it does not interrupt the logical link between the target noun and the modifier clause--in fact, it enhances that logical link.

It's one of the many reasons this question is a gem--a structure that normally would be a trainwreck is actually exquisitely correct here. The official questions are simply extraordinary.

BTW, kunalsingh1991, with all due respect to egmat, I am going to disagree with part of what Shraddha said. I don't believe the fact that "as" has two potential meanings necessarily creates any problems for (A). I would agree, though, that the tense of the verb "will build" is a problem. When the may clause verb is in the future, the verb in a "when" or "as" clause should be in the present to indicate simultaneity.
"She'll be coming 'round the mountain when she comes."
That's a quote from a traditional American folk song, not a likely sentence for the GMAT! Nevertheless, it's a good example of the correct verb tense in this situation. Thus, even with the "in . . . into" mess cleaned up, (A) would have other problems.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)



Hey Mike , I really like your enlightening explanation about being verbs . According to me it is the buildup of high pressure which brings in dry winds . However , as per your explanation , it is the high pressure area itself which brings in dry winds.Since , in your explanation you mentioned which to modify the noun. This noun brings in dry winds . Doesn’t this distort the meaning .
Re: Gusty westerly winds will continue to usher in a seasonably cool air m   [#permalink] 13 Jun 2018, 22:52

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