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Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most pro

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Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most pro [#permalink]

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The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 240

Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most prominent were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh.

(A) Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most prominent were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh.

(B) Three most prominent record companies of all the ones that were involved in early jazz were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh.

(C) Columbia, Victor, and OKeh were, of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three of them that were most prominent.

(D) Columbia, Victor, and OKeh were three most prominent of all the record companies involved in early jazz.

(E) Out of all the record companies that were involved in early jazz, three of them that were the most prominent were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most pro [#permalink]

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A. Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most prominent were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh. - Correct

B. Three most prominent record companies of all the ones that were involved in early jazz were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh. - Incorrect. Passive and the sentence is not concise

C. Columbia, Victor, and OKeh were, of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three of them that were most prominent. - Incorrect. Awkward construction

D. Columbia, Victor, and OKeh were three most prominent of all the record companies involved in early jazz. - Incorrect - Superlative degree requires 'the most'.

E. Out of all the record companies that were involved in early jazz, three of them that were the most prominent were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh. - Incorrect - Passive construction

Answer: A

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Re: Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most pro [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2016, 19:55
this is indeed a good question.

i boiled it down to A,D and E after a first look.

A and D will seem similar...dont find any mistake in these 2...but the message the sentence wants to convey is :

out of a bunch,these 3 are good NOT these three are good out of the bunch,

the sentence wants to give more relevance to the bunch is what i feel . So i marked the default , option A.

between A and E , E is much more exagerrated .A is short and concise and conveys the message to us properly what it wants to say

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Re: Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most pro [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2016, 20:36
went was answer A. was between A and D however I'm pretty sure as Vyshak mentioned, you need to have the article 'the' between were and and three for answer D. A includes the necessary article 'the'

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Re: Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most pro [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2016, 23:10
I think except for C and D, other options were pretty close. And i guess gramatically correct too.. but since our original choice itself is correct and no extra improvement was offered by other 2 options (B n E)...we should click on the original choice and move on. Whats more imp. is to pick up the hints that now gone r the days we'd get better splits..GMAT wants us to be ready for sophisticated Qs like these..

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Re: Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most pro [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2016, 07:47
alpham wrote:
went was answer A. was between A and D however I'm pretty sure as Vyshak mentioned, you need to have the article 'the' between were and and three for answer D. A includes the necessary article 'the'


I completely agree to the requirement of 'the' in Option D. But GMAT seldom makes sentences incorrect by just using / not using 'the' in a sentence. I feel it is more of an idiomatic usage issue. The moment one writes columbia, Victor - they actually point to name of the companies rather companies themselves. I may be wrong here but the issue itself is very subtle.

However in Option-A the issue doesn't arise as companies mentioned first and then the names come later in the sentence. The meaning is well understood.

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Re: Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most pro [#permalink]

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Gnpth wrote:
Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most prominent were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh.

A. Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most prominent were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh.
B. Three most prominent record companies of all the ones that were involved in early jazz were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh.
C. Columbia, Victor, and OKeh were, of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three of them that were most prominent.
D. Columbia, Victor, and OKeh were three most prominent of all the record companies involved in early jazz.
E. Out of all the record companies that were involved in early jazz, three of them that were the most prominent were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh.


A.
- Correct.
- the prepositional phrase "of..." modifies the subject of the following clause "thee most prominent". it answer the question "most prominent out of what?
- Also, the use of "the" usually refers so something that is assumed by the writer to be known to the reader.
B.
- the lack of "the" is flawed.
- in the original sentence it conveyed a specific meaning.
- Example: "The girl with the black hat is my friend" or "girl with the black hat is my friend".
C.
X,Y and Z were the tree of them - this construction is redundant.
D.
- the lack of "the" is flawed.
- This constructed is very weird
- It will be phrased better as follows:X,Y and Z were the most prominent record companies involved in early jazz.
E.
- the use of "out of all companies, thee of them" is redundant (specifically "of them").

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Re: Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most pro [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2017, 11:15
The OA is correct and explanations provided in the thread appear sufficient. If there are any specific questions, please post them here and then click again on the "Request Expert Reply" button – closing this request.

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Re: Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most pro [#permalink]

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Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most prominent were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh.

Issue: Construction

A. Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most prominent were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh.

B. Three most prominent record companies of all the ones that were involved in early jazz were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh.
- Missing "the"; superlative degree requires the form to be "the three most ..."
(corrected version can be: "The three most prominent record companies of the ones involved in early jazz were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh")


C. Columbia, Victor, and OKeh were, of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three of them that were most prominent.
- "the three of them" is complex and awkward

D. Columbia, Victor, and OKeh were three most prominent of all the record companies involved in early jazz.
- Missing "the"; superlative degree requires the form to be "the most..."

E. Out of all the record companies that were involved in early jazz, three of them that were the most prominent were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh.
- "three of them" is complex and redundant as it uses the pronoun "of them" even though the clause before comma already states that "Out of all ..."

Answer: A

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Re: Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most pro [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2017, 13:29
B: lacks the in the beginning, looks strange using passive. too many clauses
C: incorrect use of pronoun
D: lack the
E: incorrect use of them

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Re: Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most pro [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2017, 23:40
Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most prominent were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh.

A. Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most prominent were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh.
--> correct.

B. Three most prominent record companies of all the ones that were involved in early jazz were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh.

C. Columbia, Victor, and OKeh were, of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three of them that were most prominent.
--> fragment.

D. Columbia, Victor, and OKeh were three most prominent of all the record companies involved in early jazz.

E. Out of all the record companies that were involved in early jazz, three of them that were the most prominent were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh.
--> awkward.
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Re: Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most pro [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2017, 07:56
Gnpth wrote:
Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most prominent were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh.

.



Is the above highlighted portion is modifier ?? If yes, then what is it modifying? ==>"The three most prominent "

I am confused. Please someone explain.

Thanks

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Re: Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most pro [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2017, 07:58
Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most prominent were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh.

Is the portion before the comma is a modifier ?? If yes, then what is it modifying? ==>"The three most prominent "

I am confused. Please someone explain.

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Re: Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most pro [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2017, 10:13
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raoshahb wrote

Quote:
Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most prominent were Columbia, Victor, and OKeh.

Is the portion before the comma is a modifier ?? If yes, then what is it modifying? ==>"The three most prominent "

I am confused. Please someone explain.


No, it is not a modifier; it is an introductory phrase that is a complement. If a modifier, one can dispense with it altogether without any loss of meaning. However, here in this context, the introductory complement supplies essential features such as that these companies were in involved in early jazz and that there were many other companies aside these three. Without this information, the sentence wouldn't make the meaning what it intends to convey.
More importantly, the question tests whether one can remember to use the definite article 'the' for the superlative degree and whether one can convey the meaning concisely.
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Re: Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most pro [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2017, 07:37
A - correct. The three . . . is used, and prominent modifies the understood companies in an appropriate way.

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Re: Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most pro [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2017, 08:59
The correct answer is A.

This question is testing one's knowledge of using the article "the" with the superlatives.

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Re: Of all the record companies involved in early jazz, the three most pro   [#permalink] 22 Aug 2017, 08:59
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