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Parallelism Tuesday - Weekly Revision!

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Parallelism Tuesday - Weekly Revision!  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2018, 12:22
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Parallelism Tuesday's - Weekly Revision!


For months and years I had this question. How do I answer "I am stuck in my V25-V30. Can you help me to get to V40s" - I used to respond to PMs such as these for a few years, but then I stopped. They were too many, and I got drawn to the MBA side of things. The general piece of advice remained largely similar to everyone struggling with verbal -

Practice Good Questions - Analyze Your Errors - Get Better - Repeat

For theory on verbal topics, I have written literally 100s of articles on different SC and CR concepts but they either get lost in the crowd or are left unread. So I got the idea of creating megathreads. I created 3 giant megathreads on CR, SC, and RC but I always felt that for a regular user, they would seem really complicated and too much work. So when I was thinking about a new verbal project in the summer, I thought about creating a weekly revision thread for verbal concepts. So there we have it :)

Introducing Parallelism Revision - This thread will have most of the resources/articles/readings on Parallelisms in the context of GMAT Sentence Correction, and it will also have weekly questions to flex your GMAT muscles. This week we will post 10 questions and next week you can come back for 10 more. We strongly encourage engaging with the questions in the threads, ask questions, tag experts, and overall just kick some serious Parallelism butt.


Parallelism resources and articles


What is parallel to what?
Markers in parallelism
Imperfect parallelism
Grammar vs Logic in parallelism
OG Questions on parallelism
Parallelism notes by Ron Purewal

Parallelism Questions Set 1 - 8th May 2018


Parallelism Q1
Parallelism Q2
Parallelism Q3
Parallelism Q4
Parallelism Q5
Parallelism Q6
Parallelism Q7
Parallelism Q8
Parallelism Q9
Parallelism Q10
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New post 15 May 2018, 08:05
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Re: Parallelism Tuesday - Weekly Revision!  [#permalink]

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Parallelism Tuesday - Weekly Revision!  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2018, 23:47
1(A) Kathy donated $1000 to a charitable trust that helps underprivileged students to pursue primary education and also encourages people to donate for a cause.

1(B) Kathy donated $1000 to a charitable trust that helps underprivileged students to pursue primary education and also supports for other social beneficial activities.

Here both sentences make sense with subject as Kathy and Charitable trust( relative pronoun that refers to the trust).
i.So, are these sentences ambiguous?
ii.Or the verb encourages or supports is parallel to the verb donates for Kathy since the marker THAT is not present after AND.
iii. Also, I don't think we can use verb tenses here to clear the ambiguity since parallel clauses can be in different tenses.

2(A) Kathy donates $1000 every year to a charitable trust that helps underprivileged students to pursue primary education and also supports for other social beneficial activities.

2(B) Kathy donates $1000 every year to a charitable trust that helps underprivileged students to pursue primary education and also that supports for other social beneficial activities.

In 2(A) , both the verbs donates and supports refer to Kathy , but in 2(B) , the verbs helps and supports refer to the subject THAT i.e Charitable trust (since the marker that is present)


mcelroytutoring , AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , mikemcgarry , egmat , sayantanc2k, RonPurewal , DmitryFarber , MagooshExpert , ccooley , daagh , other experts-- please enlighten
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Re: Parallelism Tuesday - Weekly Revision!  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2018, 14:53
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Skywalker18 wrote:
1(A) Kathy donated $1000 to a charitable trust that helps underprivileged students to pursue primary education and also encourages people to donate for a cause.

1(B) Kathy donated $1000 to a charitable trust that helps underprivileged students to pursue primary education and also supports for other social beneficial activities.

Here both sentences make sense with subject as Kathy and Charitable trust( relative pronoun that refers to the trust).
i.So, are these sentences ambiguous?
ii.Or the verb encourages or supports is parallel to the verb donates for Kathy since the marker THAT is not present after AND.
iii. Also, I don't think we can use verb tenses here to clear the ambiguity since parallel clauses can be in different tenses.

2(A) Kathy donates $1000 every year to a charitable trust that helps underprivileged students to pursue primary education and also supports for other social beneficial activities.

2(B) Kathy donates $1000 every year to a charitable trust that helps underprivileged students to pursue primary education and also that supports for other social beneficial activities.

In 2(A) , both the verbs donates and supports refer to Kathy , but in 2(B) , the verbs helps and supports refer to the subject THAT i.e Charitable trust (since the marker that is present)


1. Your major point is correct: the list in the first sentence can consist of either 'donated' and 'encourages' (two things that Kathy does), or 'helps' and 'encourages' (two things that the charitable trust does).

2. I'm not aware of any official SC problem that tests ambiguity in exactly this way. The closest one I can think of is SC697 from the OG2018. However, in that problem, the official explanation concludes (and I agree) that one of the ways of reading the sentence makes more logical sense than the other one. In your example, I think both ways of reading the sentence make logical sense. So, if I saw this on the test, I would look for another issue to work with. I wouldn't feel confident saying that the first sentence is 'wrong' due to the ambiguity. Please let me know if there's another official problem you're thinking of!

3. You're correct that the verb tenses don't help resolve the ambiguity here, since verbs can be parallel and be in different tenses.

4. The idiom 'supports for' in your second sentence is incorrect, as is the use of 'social.' You'd want it to read 'supports other socially beneficial activities.' That's not related to your question about parallelism, but it's relevant, since I'd eliminate the second sentence on those grounds!

5. Sentence 2b sounds incorrect to me, but I'm not totally sure why. I want it to read 'that helps... and also supports'. (In other words, it seems weird to have two 'thats' in a parallel list that includes the word 'also'.)

Here's a simpler sentence with the same issue; this one sounds a little off to me too.

'I see a house that has a blue roof and also that has a red door.' = wrong??

'I see a house that has a blue roof and also has a red door.' = right
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Re: Parallelism Tuesday - Weekly Revision! &nbs [#permalink] 25 Jun 2018, 14:53
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